Red Dwarf (1988-)

UK, 15 February 1988-
12 series [ongoing], 73 episodes [ongoing], average 25m each
videotape, digital video, colour, 4:3, 16:9
stereo, English

A long-running British science fiction sitcom created by Rob Grant & Doug Naylor. From 1988 to 1999 it was broadcast by the BBC but went off air while Naylor tried, unsuccessfully, to launch a feature film version. It returned to the small screen in 2009 on the cable channel Dave with the 3-part mini-series Back to Earth and a 6-part series, Red Dwarf X followed on the same channel in 2012. Two further series and a feature-length special were then commissioned for broadcast in 2016, 2017 and 2019. A planned film version was scheduled to go into production in 2005 but a failure to secure sufficient funds put paid to the project. Some elements of the script were recycled for the episode The Beginning (8 November 2012).

Premise

The spaceship Red Dwarf, a massive mining vessel, drifts millions of light years off course after the crew are wiped out in an accident. The sole survivor is Dave Lister, a lowly technician, who has been frozen in stasis as punishment for sneaking his pregnant cat aboard. Accompanied only by a hologram of his bunkmate, the anally retentive Arnold Rimmer, the senile ship’s computer Holly, a lifeform that evolved from his cat and later the android Kryten, Lister faces many trials and tribulations.

Credits

Regular Crew

Directed by: Ed Bye [series 1-4, 7-8]; Juliet May [series 5]; Grant Naylor [series 5, Back to Earth, series 10]; Andy de Emmony [series 6]; Doug Naylor (2009, 2012-)
BBC
Created by: Rob Grant and Doug Naylor
Executive Producer: Paul Jackson [series 1-3]
Produced by: Rob Grant and Doug Naylor; Henry Normal [series 10-]
Written by: Rob Grant, Doug Naylor, Paul Alexander, Kim Fuller, Robert Llewellyn, James Hendrie
Music by: Howard Goodall

Regular Cast
Chris Barrie (Rimmer) [series 1-]
Craig Charles (Lister) [series 1-]
Danny John-Jules (Cat) [series 1-]
Norman Lovett (Holly) [series 1-2, 7-8]
Robert Llewellyn (Kryten) [series 3-]
Hattie Hayridge (Holly) [series 3-5]
Clare Grogan (Kochanski) [series 1, 2, 4]
Chloƫ Annett (Kochanski) [series 7-Back to Earth]

Links

See also
The Adventures of Don Quick (1970)
Dark Star (1974)
Red Dwarf: Smeg Outs (1995)
Red Dwarf: Smeg Ups (1994)

Episodes

Red Dwarf
The End (15 February 1988)
Future Echoes (22 February 1988)
Balance of Power (29 February 1988)
Waiting for God (7 March 1988)
Confidence and Paranoia (14 March 1988)
Me2 (21 March 1988)

Red Dwarf II
Kryten (6 September 1988)
Better than Life (13 September 1988)
Thanks for the Memory (20 September 1988)
Stasis Leak (27 September 1988)
Queeg (4 October 1988)
Parallel Universe (11 October 1988)

Red Dwarf III
Backwards (14 November 1989)
Marooned (21 November 1989)
Polymorph (28 November 1989)
Bodyswap (5 December 1989)
Timeslides (12 December 1989)
The Last Day (19 December 1989)

Red Dwarf IV
Camille (14 February 1991)
DNA (21 February 1991)
Justice (28 February 1991)
White Hole (7 March 1991)
Dimension Jump (14 March 1991)
Melt Down (21 March 1991)

Red Dwarf V
Holoship (20 February 1992)
The Inquisitor (27 February 1992)
Terrorform (5 March 1992)
Quarantine (12 March 1992)
Demons and Angels (19 March 1992)
Back to Reality (26 March 1992)

Red Dwarf VI
Psirens (7 October 1993)
Legion (14 October 1993)
Gunmen of the Apocalypse (21 October 1993)
Emohawk – Polymorph II (28 October 1993)
Rimmerword (4 November 1993)
Out of Time (11 November 1993)

Red Dwarf VII
Tikka to Ride (17 January 1997)
Stoke Me a Clipper (24 January 1997)
Ouroboros (31 January 1997)
Duct Soup (7 February 1997)
Blue (14 February 1997)
Beyond a Joke (21 February 1997)
Epideme (28 February 1997)
Nanarchy (7 March 1997)

Red Dwarf VIII
Back in the Red Part One (18 February 1999)
Back in the Red Part Two (25 February 1999)
Back in the Red Part Three (4 March 1999)
Cassandra (11 March 1999)
Krytie TV (18 March 1999)
Pete Part One (25 March 1999)
Pete Part Two (1 April 1999)
Only the Good (5 April 1999)

Back to Earth
Back to Earth Part 1 (10 April 2009)
Back to Earth Part 2 (11 April 2009)
Back to Earth Part 3 (12 April 2009)

Red Dwarf X
Trojan (6 October 2012)
Fathers and Suns (13 October 2012)
Lemons (20 October 2012)
Entangled (25 October 2012)
Dear Dave (1 November 2012)
The Beginning (8 November 2012)

Red Dwarf XI
Twentica (22 September 2016)
Samsara (29 September 2016)
Give and Take (6 October 2016)
Officer Rimmer (13 October 2016)
Krysis (20 October 2016)
Can of Worms (27 October 2016)

Red Dwarf XII
Cured (12 October 2017)
Siliconica (19 October 2017)
Timewave (26 October 2017)
Mechocracy (2 November 2017)
M Corp (9 November 2017)
Skipper (16 November 2017)

Special
The Promised Land (9 April 2020)

References

Periodicals
Broadcast 8 September 1989 p.9 – note
Broadcast 26 October 2007 p.19 – illustrated article (Drawing on space comedy’s cult appeal)
Broadcast Production Supplement 11 June 1999 pp.S6-S7 – illustrated interview with Mel Bibby (Craft classics by Lucy Rouse)
Cinefantastique vol.20 n.5 (May 1990) p.46 – review (by Judith P. Harris)
Cinefantastique vol.37 n3 (June 2005) p.65 – illustrated interview with Doug Naylor (In review: DVD: No sci-fi, please by Dan Scapperotti)
Classic Television no.4 (April/May 1998) pp.9-11 – illustrated article (The boys from the Dwarf by David O. MacGowan)
Comedy Review no.4 (June 1996) p.74 – illustrated article (Red Dwarf 7 by Danny Wallace)
Cult TV vol.2 no.1 (January 1998) p.7 – illustrated article (Better than Dwarf)
Cult TV vol.2 no.2 (February 1998) p.24-29; 64 – illustrated article (Red alert 10th anniversary approach Red Dwarf by Jane Killick); illustrated review (Mondays: TV Choice Saturday by Jane Killick)
Interzone no.49 (July 1991) p.42 – review (by Wendy Bradley)
Radio Times vol.296 no.3862 (14 February 1998) pp.20-22 – illustrated article (10 years of loving Red Dwarf and ten reasons why we do)
Radio Times vol.300 no.3918 (20 March 1999) p.6 – illustrated article (From dwarf to giant by Nick Griffiths)
Radio Times 19 June 2004 p.31 – illustrated article
SFX no.292 (November 2017) pp.40-47 – illustrated interview with Chris Barrie, Craig Charles, Danny John-Jules and Robert Llewellyn (Gang of four by Richard Edwards)
Sight & Sound vol.16 n5 (May 2006) p.90 – review (Television: Red Dwarf by Sergio Angelini)
Starburst no.135 (November 1989) pp.33-35 – illustrated interview with Robert Llewllyn, Hattie Hayridge, Danny John Jules, Craig Charles and Chris Barrie
Starburst no.151 (March 1991) pp.24-27 – illustrated article (Red Dwarf: One man and his cat by David Richardson)
Starburst no.166 (June 1992) pp.36-39 – illustrated article (Exploding Red Dwarf by Peter Tyler)
Starburst no.167 (July 1992) pp.36-39 – illustrated article (Submerging Red Dwarf by Peter Tyler)
Starburst no.190 (June 1994) pp.36-39 – illustrated interview with Craig Charles (Craig Charles and the long awaited kiss by Joe Nazzaro)
Starburst no.202 (June 1995) pp.40-43 – illustrated article (Completely starbugged by John Peel)
Starburst no.207 (November 1995) pp.38, 39 – illustrated article (Red Dwarf’s new series by Jane Killick)
Starburst no.208 (December 1995) p.47 – note
Starburst TV Special (April 1996) pp.59-62 – illustrated interview with Andy De Emmony (De Emmony’s Dwarf by Jane Killick)
Starburst no.247 (March 1999) pp.30-35 – illustrated article (Red Dwarf comes home by Jane Killick)
Starburst no.268 (December 2000) p.9 – illustrated note (Things to come: Dwarfers jump to big screen by Ian Calcutt)
Starburst no.283 (March 2002) pp.44-48 – illustrated article (Red Dwarf by numbers by Steve Lyons and Chris Howarth)
Starburst no.292 (December 2002) p.80 – illustrated review (Red Dwarf Season One by David Richardson)
Starburst no.356 (November 2007) pp.68-70, 72 – illustrated interview with Chris Barry (The Red Zone by David Richardson)
Starburst no.307 (February 2004) pp.18-30 – illustrated article (Top 50 sci-fi movies, books and TV series ever!)
Starburst no.313 (August 2004) pp.26-29 – illustrated article (The top ten robots)
Starburst no.318 (January 2005) p.102 – review (DVD reviews by David Richardson)
Starlog no.221 (December 1995) pp.67-69; 69 – illustrated article (Lister, American style by John S. Hall); illustrated article (Little lost Holly by Joe Nazzaro)
Television Today no.5665 (9 November 1989) p.20 – article
Television Today no.5770 (14 November 1991) p.19 – illustrated article (This Dwarf gets bigger and bigger. by Suzan Leavy
Televisual March 1988 pp.58-59 – illustrated article (Looking to the skies for comic relief)
TV Zone Special no.24 (March 1997) pp.30-32 – illustrated interview with Peter Risdale Scott (The man from the BBC – he say “Yes”! by Jane Killick)
TV Zone no.70 (2006) pp.82-86 – illustrated interview with Robert Llewellyn (On hold by Anthony Brown)
TV Zone no.77 (April 1996) p.3 – illustrated note (Barrie quits Dwarf by Dominic May)
TV Zone no.221 (November 2007) pp.18-20 – illustrated interview with Robert Llewellyn (Mobile Dwarf by Anthony Brown)
TV Zone Yearbook 1994 pp.36-39; 39-40 – illustrated interview with Robert Llewellyn (Behind the rubber mask by David Bassom); illustrated interview with Judy Pascoe (Red Dwarf’s Camille: Judy Pascoe by Jane Killick)
TV Zone June 1995 pp.9-11 – illustrated interview with Norman Lovett (Norman Lovett by Jane Killick)
TV Zone Special no.24 (March 1997) pp.46-49 – illustrated interview with Mel Bibby (Mel Bibby: designing the worlds of Red Dwarf by Jane Killick)

Books
Radio Times Guide to Comedy by Mark Lewisohn pp.559-560 – review, credits
Red Dwarf Programme Guide by Chris Howarth and Steve Lyons (3rd edition) – credits, synopses