Frankenstein Must Be Destroyed (1969)

UK, 1969
97m
35mm, Technicolor
mono, English

A British horror film directed by Terence Fisher. It was the fourth of Hammer’s Frankenstein films and the first to be directed by Fisher since The Revenge of Frankenstein (1958).

Plot Summary

Frankenstein hides from the law in a boarding house run by Anna Spengler whose sick mother’s nursing fees are paid for by a young doctor at a nearby asylum, Karl, who steals drugs and sells them on. Frankenstein blackmails Karl into releasing the ailing Dr Brandt from the asylum so that he can learn the secret of the brain freezing technique he developed shortly before going insane. Frankenstein transplants Brandt’s brain into the body of a surgeon, with disastrous results…

Credits

* = uncredited

Crew
Directed by: Terence Fisher
© MCMLXIX [1969] Hammer Film Productions Limited
A Hammer Film production
Distributed by Warner Bros-Seven Arts
Produced by: Anthony Nelson Keys
Production Manager: Christopher Neame
Screenplay by: Bert Batt
From an original story by Anthony Nelson Keys and Bert Batt
Assistant Director: Bert Batt
Continuity: Doreen Dearnaley
Director of Photography: Arthur Grant
Camera Operator: Neil Binney
Editor: Gordon Hales
Music Composed by: James Bernard
Musical Director: Philip Martell
Sound Recordist: Ken Rawkins
Sound Editor: Don Ranasinghe
Sound Supervisor: Tony Lumkin [real name: A.W. Lumkin]
RCA Sound Recording
Wardrobe Supervisor: Rosemary Burrows
Wardrobe Mistress: Lottie Slattery
Make-up: Eddie Knight
Hair Stylist: Pat McDermott
Special Effects: Studio Locations Limited
Supervising Art Director: Bernard Robinson
Construction Manager: Arthur Banks
Produced at Associated British Studios, Elstree, London, England
Casting Director: Irene Lamb

Cast
Peter Cushing (Baron Frankenstein)
Veronica Carlson (Anna)
Freddie Jones (Professor Richter)
Simon Ward (Karl)
Thorley Walters (Inspector Frisch)
Maxine Audley (Ella Brandt)
Geoffrey Bayldon (police doctor)
George Pravda (Dr Brandt)
Harold Goodwin (burgler)
Colette O’Neil (mad woman)
Peter Copley (principal)
Frank Middlemass, George Belbin, Norman Shelley, Michael Gover (guests)
Jim Collier (Dr [Otto] Heidecke)
Alan Surtees, Windsor Davies (police sergeants)
Daphne Oxenford [lady in garden] *
Meadows White [nightwatchman] *
Timothy Davies [policeman] *
Robert Davis [official] *
Caron Gardner [passer-by] *
Robert Gillespie [mortuary attendant] *
Michael Goldie [warder] *
Edward Higgins [workman] *
Elizabeth Morgan [Christina] *
Dorothy Smith [neighbour] *

Alternative Titles

El cerebro de Frankenstein – Spain
Distruggete Frankenstein! – Italy
Frankenstein död eller levande – Sweden
Frankenstein muß sterben! – Germany
Frankenstein on tuhottava – Finland

Sequel to
The Curse of Frankenstein (1957)
The Revenge of Frankenstein (1958)
The Evil of Frankenstein (1964)
Frankenstein Created Woman (1966)

Sequels
The Horror of Frankenstein (1970)
Frankenstein and the Monster from Hell (1974)

Extracts included in
The World of Hammer: The Curse of Frankenstein (1994)

References

Periodicals

  • Castle of Frankenstein no.14 pp.36, 37
  • Cinefantastique vol.36 no.3 (June/July 2004) p.62 – illustrated DVD review (DVD: Final Frights by David E. Williams)
  • Dark Terrors no.13 (December 1996) pp.11-18 – illustrated article (Frankenstein Must Be Destroyed by Trevor Wayne)
  • Fangoria no.233 (June 2004) p.68 – DVD review (DVD Dungeon by Matthew Kiernan)
  • Film Bulletin vol.39 no.1 (12 January 1970) p.18 – review
  • Films and Filming vol.15 no.10 (July 1969) p.58 – review
  • Filmfax no.46 (August/September 1994) pp.31-37, 97 – illustrated interview with Veronica Carlson (Veronica Carlson Hammer Glamour Girl Mark A Miller)
  • The Hollywood Reporter vol.209 no.7 (22 December 1969) p.20 – credits, review
  • The House That Hammer Built no.7 (February 1998) pp.351-360 – illustrated article (Frankenstein Must Be Destroyed)
  • The House That Hammer Built no.10 (October 1998) pp.91-106 – illustrated article (* Terence Fisher)
  • The House That Hammer Built no.11 (February 1999) pp.137-176 – illustrated article (Hammer – The Production Designer/Art Director)
  • Kine Weekly no.3203 (1 March 1969) p.17 – note
  • Kine Weekly no.3215 (24 May 1969) p.21 – credits, review
  • Monthly Film Bulletin vol.36 no.426 (July 1969) pp.145-146 – credits, review
  • Premiere vol.17 no.9 (June 2004) pp.112, 114 – illustrated DVD review (Home Guide by J.F.)
  • Starburst no.211 (March 1996) p.55 – illustrated article (Videofile)
  • Supernatural no.1 (January 1969) pp.9; 31-32 – note (Horror film production guide);  illustrated article (Frankenstein  End of a legend by Tim Stout)
  • Today’s Cinema no.9619 (6 January 1969) p.7 – note (Film forecast)
  • Today’s Cinema no.9622 (13 January 1969) p.11 – illustrated note (What a way to die!)
  • Today’s Cinema no.9625 (20 January 1969) p.8 – note (In production)
  • Today’s Cinema no.9628 (27 January 1969) p.4 – note (In production)
  • Today’s Cinema no.9631 (3 February 1969) p.7 – note (In production)
  • Today’s Cinema no.9684 (13 June 1969) p.8 – review
  • Variety 11 June 1969 p.40 – credits, review

Books

  • The Aurum Film Encyclopedia: Horror by Phil Hardy (ed.) p.204-205
  • The Aurum Film Encyclopedia: Science Fiction by Phil Hardy (ed) p.282
  • The Charm of Evil: The Life and Films of Terence Fisher by Wheeler Winston Dixon pp.5, 273, 277; 542-543 – notes; credits
  • A Critical Guide to Horror Film Series by Ken Hanke pp.191-192; 194
  • Educational Institutions in Horror Film: A History of Mad Professors, Student Bodies, and Final Exams by Andrew L. Grunzke pp.43-45
  • English Gothic: A Century of Horror Cinema by Jonathan Rigby pp.72, 163, 183-85, 184, 195, 238, 239
  • Euro Gothic: Classics of Continental Horror Cinema by Jonathan Rigby p.193
  • Feature Films, 1960-1969: A Filmography of English-language and Major Foreign-language United States Releases by Harris M. Lentz III p.152-153
  • Hammer Complete: The Films, the Personnel, the Company by Howard Maxford pp.293-295 – illustrated credits, synopsis, review
  • The Hammer Story by Marcus Hearn and Alan Barnes pp.126-127 – illustrated article, credits, review
  • Horror Films of the 1970s by John Kenneth Muir pp.54-58  – illustrated credits, synopsis, review
  • Horrorshows: The A-Z of Horror in Film, TV, Radio and Theatre by Gene Wright p.84 – credits, review
  • Kine & TV Year Book 1970 p.110 – credits
  • Peter Cushing: The Gentle Man of Horror and His 91 Films by Deborah Del Vecchio and Tom Johnson pp.238-244
  • Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Horror Film Sequels, Series, and Remakes by Kim R. Holston and Tom Winchester p.206-207
  • Terence Fisher by Peter Hutchings pp.10, 124, 144, 145, 153-157 – notes
  • Terence Fisher: Horror, Myth and Religion by Paul Leggett pp.29-35 – notes
  • Uneasy Dreams: The Golden Age of British Horror Films, 1956-1976 by Gary A. Smith pp.107-108