Fantasia (1940)

USA,
112m (Argentina), 120m (USA), 124m (USA restored Roadshow version)
35mm film, 70mm film (1990 re-release), Technicolor, 1.37:1
Fantasound mono, optical 4-Track Magnetic Stereo, Dolby Stereo (re-releases), English

An American animated fantasy film directed by Samuel Armstrong, James Algar, Bill Roberts, Paul Satterfield, Hamilton Luske, Jim Handley, Ford Beebe, T. Hee, Norm Ferguson and Wilfred Jackson.

Plot Summary

An anthology of short animated sequences accompanied by well known piece of .

Credits

* = uncredited

Crew
© MCMXL [1940] Walt Disney Productions (The Walt Disney Company on 1990 restored prints)
Production Supervision: Ben Sharpsteen
Producer: Walt Disney *
Story Direction: Joe Grant, Dick Huemer
Photographed in Multiplane Technicolor
Musical Film Editor: Stephen Csillag
Color by: Technicolor
Musical Direction: Edward H. Plumb
Recording: William E. Garity, C.O. Slyfield, J.N.A. Hawkins

Toccata and Fugue in D Minor
[By] Johann Sebastian Bach
Direction: Samuel Armstrong
Story Development: Lee Blair, Elmer Plummer, Phil Dike
Art Direction: Robert Cormack
Background Paintings: Joe Stahley, John Hench, Nino Carbe
Animation: Cy Young, Art Palmer, Daniel MacManus, George Rowley, Edwain Aardal, Joshua Meador, Cornett Wood

The Nutcracker Suite
[By] Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Direction: Samuel Armstrong
Story Development: Sylvia Moberly-Holland, Norman Wright, Albert Heath, Bianca Majolie, Graham Heid
Character Designs: John Walbridge, Elmer Plummer, Ethel Kulsar
Art Direction: Robert Cormack, Al Zinnen, Curtiss D. Perkins, Arthur Byram, Bruce Bushman
Background Paintings: John Hench, Ethel Kulsar, Nino Carbe
Animation: Art Babbitt, Les Clark, Don Lusk, Cy Young, Robert Stokes

The Sorceror's Apprentice
[By] Paul Dukas
Direction: James Algar
Story Development: Perce Pearce, Carl Fallberg
Art Direction: Tom Codrick, Charles Pgilippi, Zack Schwartz
Background Paintings: Claude Coats, Stan Spohn, Albert Dempster, Eric Hansen
Animation Supervision: Fred Moore, Vladimir Tytla
Animation: Les Clark, Riley Thompson, Marvin Woodward, Preston Blair, Edward Love, Ugo D'Orsi, George Rowley, Cornett Wood

Rite of Spring
[By] Igor Stravinsky
Direction: Bill Roberts, Paul Satterfield
Story Development and Research: William Martin, Leo Thiele, Robert Sterner, John Fraser McLeish
Art Direction: McLaren Stewart, Dick Kelsey, John Hubley
Background Paintings: Ed Starr, Brice Mack, Edward Levitt
Animation Supervision: Wolfgang Reitherman, Joshua Meador
Animation: Philip Duncan, John McManus, Paul Busch, Art Palmer, Don Tobin, Edwin Aardal, Paul B. Kossoff
Special Camera Effects: Gail Papineau, Leonard Pickley

The Pastoral Symphony
[By] Ludwig van Beethoven
Direction: Hamilton Luske, Jim Handley, Ford Beebe
Story Development: Otto Englander, Webb Smith, Erdman Penner, Joseph Sabo, Bill Peet, George Stallings
Character Designs: James Bodrero, John P. Miller, Lorna S. Soderstrom
Art Direction: Hugh Hennesy, Kenneth Anderson, J. Gordon Legg, Herbert Ryman, Yale Gracey, Lance Nolley
Background Paintings: Claude Coats, Ray Huffine, W. Richard Anthony, Arthur Riley, Gerald Nevius, Roy Forkum
Animation Supervision: Fred Moore, Ward Kimball, Eric Larson, Art Babbitt, Oliver M. Johnston Jr, Don Towsley
Animation: Berny Wolf, Jack Campbell, Jack Bradbury, James Moore, Milt Neil, Bill Justice, John Elliotte, Walt Kelly, Don Lusk, Lynn Karp, Murray McClellan, Robert W. Youngquist, Harry Hamsel

Dance of the Hours
[By] Amilcare Ponchielli
Direction: T. Hee, Norm Ferguson
Character Designs: Martin Provenesen, James Bodrero, Duke Russell, Earl Hurd
Art Direction: Kendall O'Connor, Harold Doughty, Ernest Nordli
Background Paintings: Albert Dempster, Charles Conner
Animation Supervision: Norm Ferguson
Animation: John Lounsbery, Howard Swift, Preston Blair, Hugh Fraser, Harvey Toombs, Norman Tate, Hicks Lokey, Art Elliott, Grant Simmons, Ray Patterson, Franklin Grundeen

Night on Bald Mountain
[By] Modeste Moussorgsky

Ave Maria
[By] Franz Schubert
Direction: Wilfred Jackson
Story Development: Campbell Grant, Arthur Heinemann, Phil Dike
Art Direction: Kay Nielsen, Terrell Stapp, Charles Payzant, Thor Putnam
Background Paintings: Merle Cox, Ray Lockrem, Robert Storms, W. Richard Anthony
Animation Supervision: Vladimir Tytla
Animation: John McManus, William N. Shull, Robert W. Carlson Jr, Lester Novros, Don Paterson
Special Animation Effects: Joshua Meador, Miles E. Pike, John F. Reed, Daniel MacManus
Special Camera Effects: Gail Papineau, Leonard Pickley
Special Lyrics for “Ave Maria”: Rachel Field
Choral Director: Charles Henderson
Soloist: Julietta Novis

Film Restoration [1990]
Sound Restoration: Terry Porter
Technical Manager, Film Restoration: Leon Briggs
Color Restoration by YCM Labs: Pete Comandini, Richard Dayton, Don Hagens
Film Editor: John Carnochan

Cast and Voices
Deems Taylor (narrative introductions)
Walt Disney [] *
Hugh Douglas [narrator in 1982 re-issue] *
Tim Matheson [narrator, Deems Taylor's monolgue in 1982 release] *
Julietta Novis [soloist in “Ave Maria”] *
Leopold Stokowski and The Philadelphia Orchestra
Paul J. Smith [violinist] *
James MacDonald [percussionist] *

Alternative Titles

The Concert Feature – working title

Sequel
Fantasia 2000 (1999)

Extracts included in
AFI's 100 Years… 100 Movies (1998)
The First 100 Years: A Celebration of American Movies (1995)
The Making of Fantasia (2000)
The Mickey Mouse Anniversary Show (1968)
Precious Images (1986)
Screen Test: 14 June 1979
Screen Test: 21 December 1982

References

Periodicals

  • Castle of Frankenstein no.4 p.4
  • The Daily Cinema no.8871 (3-4 February 1964) p.6 – note (‘Fantasia' hold-over)
  • The Daily Cinema no.8873 (7-8 February 1964) p.8 – note (More fantastic ‘Fantasia' figures)
  • Supernatural no.1 (January 1969) p.29 – note (Round the cinema's zoo of horrors with Supernaturalist)

Books

  • 500 Essential Cult Movies: The Ultimate Guide by Jennifer Eiss with J.P. Rutter and Steve White p.347 – illustrated credits, synopsis, review
  • The Dinosaur Filmography by Mark F. Berry p.199-103 – credits, review
  • Feature Films, 1940-1949: A United States Filmography by Alan G. Fetrow p.141
  • by Walt Lee p.132 – credits
  • The RKO Features by James L. Neibaur p.85 – credits, synopsis
  • RKO Radio Pictures Horror, Science Fiction and Fantasy Films, 1929-1956 by Michael R. Pitts p.111-113
  • The Stop-motion Filmography by Neil Pettigrew pp.236-237
  • The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Fantasy by David Pringle (general ed.) p.49 – credits, review
  • Walt Disney's Fantasia by Deems Taylor – production notes
  • Walt Disney's Fantasia by John Culhane – production notes
  • The World of Fantasy Films by Richard Myers p.179