Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954)

USA, 1954
79m
35mm film, 3D, black and white, 1.37:1
mono (Western Electric Sound System), English

An American science fiction film directed by Jack Arnold.

Premise

A group of scientists and explorers are searching for fossils in the Amazon basin and get more than they ever bargained for when they arrive at the Black Lagoon. Here they find a prehistoric Gill-Man which they quickly capture. It escapes but returns to abduct one of the expedition members, Kay.

Credits

* = uncredited

Crew
Directed by: Jack Arnold
Underwater Sequences Directed by: James C. Havens
Copyright MCMLIV [1954] by Universal Pictures Company, Inc.
Universal-International presents
Produced by: William Alland
Screenplay by: Harry Essex and Arthur Ross
Story by: Maurice Zimm
Director of Photography: William E. Snyder
Film Editor: Ted J. Kent
Musical Direction: Joseph Gershenson
Sound: Leslie I. Carey, Joe Lapis
Miss Adams’ Wardrobe by: Rosemary Odell
Make-Up: Bud Westmore
Hair Stylist: Joan St Oegger
Creature Designer: Milicent Patrick *
Special Photography: Charles S. Welbourne
Art Direction: Bernard Herzbrun, Hilyard Brown
Locations: Green Cove Springs, Florida, USA; Jacksonville, Florida, USA; Paradise Cove, California, USA; Silver Springs, Ocala, Florida, USA; Wakulla Springs, Florida, USA

Cast
Richard Carlson ([Dr] David Reed)
Julia Adams (Kay [Lawrence])
Richard Denning ([Dr] Mark Williams)
Antonio Moreno ([Dr] Carl Maia)
Nestor Paiva (Lucas, [Captain of the Rita])
Whit Bissell (Dr [Edwin] Thompson)
Bernie Gozier (Zee, [Rita crewman])
Henry Escalante (Chico, [Rita crewman])
Ricou Browning [gill-man (in water)] *
Ben Chapman [gill-man (out of water)] *
Perry Lopez [Tomas] *
Sydney Mason [Dr Matos] *
Rodd Redwing [Louis] *

Alternative Titles

Black Lagoon – working title

Sequels
Revenge of the Creature (1955)
The Creature Walks Among Us (1956)

See also
El castillo de los monstruos (1957)
Fade to Black (1980)
Little Shop of Horrors (1986)
Mad Monster Party? (1967)
Matinee (1993)
The Monster Squad (1987)
Saturday the 14th (1981)

Extracts included in
Coming Soon (1982)
It Came from Hollywood (1982)
Il mondo di Dario Argento 3: Il museo degli orrori di Dario Argento (1997)

References

Periodicals

  • Castle of Frankenstein no.8 p.40
  • Cinefantastique vol.12 no.2 (April 1982) p.13 – review
  • Cinefantastique vol.27 no.3 (December 1995) pp.44-47, 61- illustrated article
  • Classic Images no.276 (June 1998) pp.C4-C9 – illustrated article
  • Classic Images no.277 (July 1998) pp.C2-C7 – illustrated article
  • L’Ècran Fantastique no.26 (1982) p.76 – review
  • Empire no.163 (January 2003) pp.168-169 – illustrated DVD review
  • Fangoria no.68 (1987) – interview with Harry Essex (The Creator from the Black Lagoon by Tom Weaver)
  • Fangoria no.120 (1993) pp.14-19, 58-59 – illustrated production notes (Behind the Black Lagoon by Tom Weaver)
  • Fangoria no.198 (November 2000) p.65 – illustrated DVD review
  • Film Score Monthly vol.6 no.2 (February 2001) pp.42-43 – illustrated soundtrack review
  • Filmfax no.58 (October 1996/January 1997) pp.86-94 – illustrated interview
  • Filmfax no.73 (June/July 1999) pp.50-58, 87; 76-80, 89 – illustrated article; illustrated interview
  • The Hollywood Reporter vol.128 no.9 (9 February 1954) p.3 – review
  • Journal of Popular Film vol.2 no.1 (Winter 1973) pp.15-28 – article
  • Kine Weekly no.2474 (25 November 1954) p.16 – review
  • The Listener vol.117 no.2994 (15 January 1987) p.26 – review
  • Mechanix Illustrated May 1954 pp.76-78, 204
  • Monthly Film Bulletin vol.22 no.252 (January 1955) p.7 – credits, synopsis, review
  • Motion Picture Herald vol.194 no.7 (13 February 1954) p.2182 – review
  • New Musical Express 22 January 1983 p.18 – review (On the box by Chris Bohn)
  • Starburst no.45 (1982) pp.36-40 – review
  • Starburst no.295 (February 2003) p.6 – illustrated article
  • Starlog no.164 (March 1991) – illustrated interview with Richard Denning (Creature hunter by Tom Weaver)
  • Starlog no.167 (June 1991) – illustrated interview with Julie Adams (Creature love by Tom Weaver); illustrated interview with Ricou Browning (Creature man by Tom Weaver)
  • Starlog no.180 (July 1992) – illustrated interview with Ben Chapman (Creature king by Tom Weaver)
  • Starlog no.218 (September 1995) – illustrated interview with William Alland (The Producer from the Black Lagoon by Tom Weaver)
  • Starlog no.250 (May 1998) pp.61-65 – interview with Arthur A. Ross (Anatomy of a Merman by Tom Weaver)
  • Today’s Cinema vol.83 no.7145 (19 November 1954) p.12 – review
  • Total Film July 1999 p.106 – review (by John Walker)
  • Variety 10 February 1954 – credits, review
  • Video Watchdog no.11 pp.16-17 – illustrated review
  • We Belong Dead no.13 (Summer 2014) p.5-9 – illustrated article (The Creature from the Black Lagoon still holds us captive by JM Cozzoli)

Books

  • Aurum Film Encyclopedia: Science Fiction by Phil Hardy (ed) p.144 – illustrated credits, review
  • Beasts and Behemoths: Prehistoric Creatures in the Movies by Roy Kinnard pp.67-70 – illustrated credits, review
  • Creature from the Black Lagoon by Tom Weaver – production notes, script
  • Escape Velocity by Bradley Schauer pp.63, 74,77, 77
  • Hoffman’s Guide to SF, Horror and Fantasy Movies 1991-1992 p.81 – credits, review
  • Horror and Science Fiction Films III by Donald C. Willis p.50-51 – credits
  • Horror Films by Subgenre: A Viewer’s Guide by Chris Vander Kaay and Kathleen Fernandez-Vander Kaay pp.184-185 – credits, review
  • The Liverpool Companion to World Science Fiction Film by Sonja Fritsche (ed.) pp.89-103 – article (Invaders, Launchpads, and Hybrids: The Importance of Transmediality in British Science Fiction Film in the 1950s by Derek Johnston)
  • The Monster Movies of Universal Studios by James L. Neibaur pp.171-176 – illustrated credits, article
  • Reference Guide to Fantastic Films by Walt Lee p.78 – credits
  • Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Horror Film Sequels, Series, and Remakes by Kim R. Holston and Tom Winchester p.94-97 – illustrated credits, review
  • Science Fiction in the Movies: An A-Z by Roy Pickard p.17 – credits, note
  • Universal Studios Monsters: A Legacy of Horror by Michael Mallory pp.222-230 – illustrated article
  • Universal Terrors 1951-1955: Eight Classic Horror and Sci-Fi Films by Tom Weaver with David Schecter, Robert J. Kiss and Steve Kronenberg pp.164-208 – illustrated credits, production notes
  • The World of Fantasy Films by Richard Myers p.54