8½ (1963)

138m 4s, 12426 feet
35mm film, black and white, 1.85:1
mono, Italian, French, German

An Italian drama film with fantasy elements directed by Federico Fellini. It was originally released in Italy on 14 February .

Plot Summary

Italian film director Guido Anselmi is surrounded by sycophants as he struggles to complete an ambitious science fiction film. Along the way he suffers hallucinations and meets a mind reader with seemingly real powers.


Conceived and Directed by: Federico Fellini
Angelo Rizzoli presents. A Cineriz production
Produced by: Angelo Rizzoli
Production Manager: Nello Meniconi
Production Supervisor: Clemente Fracassi
Unit Manager: Mario Basili
Screenplay: Federico Fellini, Tullio Pinelli, Ennio Flaiano, Brunello Rondi
Story: Federico Fellini, Ennio Flaiano
Artistic Collaborator: Brunello Rondi
2nd Unit Director: Alessandro von Normann
Assistant Director: Guidarino Guidi
2nd Assistant Directors: Giulio Paradisi, Francesco Aluigi
Continuity: Mirella Gamacchio
Director of Photography: Gianni Di Venanzo
Camera Operator: Pasqualino De Santis
Still Photographer: Tazio Secchiaroli [uncredited]
Editor: Leo Catozzo
Assistant Editor: Adriana Olasio
Prints and Processing: Istituto Nazionale LUCE
Technician: Enzo Verzini
Negatives: Dupont
Music: Nino Rota
Music Publisher: CAM
Sound: Mario Faraoni, Alberto Bartolomei
Costumes: Piero Gherardi
Assistant Costumes: Orietta Nasalli Rocca
Wardrobe Mistress: Clara Poggi
Key Make-up: Otello Fava
Hairstyles: Renata Magnanti
Hairdresser: Eugenia Filippo [uncredited]
Art Director: Piero Gherardi
Assistant Art Director: Luciano Ricceri
Set Dresser: Vito Anzalone
Script Translator: Eugene Walter [uncredited]
Production Secretaries: Albino Morandin, Angelo Iacono
Studio: Titanus

Marcello Mastroianni [Guido Anselmi, the director]
Claudia Cardinale [Claudia, the star-actress]
Anouk Aimée [Luisa Anselmi, Guido's wife]
Sandra Milo [Carla, Guido's mistress]
Rossella Falk [Rossella, Luisa's friend]
Barbara Steele [Gloria Morin, Mario's fiancée]
Madeleine Lebeau [Madeleine, French actress]
Caterina Boratto [unnamed woman in harem]
Edra Gale [Saraghina]
Guido Alberti [Commendatore Pace, the producer]
Mario Conocchia [Conocchia, production manager]
Bruno Agostini [Agostini, 2nd production secretary]
Cesarino Miceli Picardi [Cesarino, 1st production secretary]
Jean Rougeul [Fabrizio Carini, film critic]
Mario Pisu [Mario Mezzabotta, Gloria's friend]
Yvonne Casadei [Jacqueline Bon Bon, ageing soubrette]
Ian Dallas [Maurice, the mind-reader]
Mino Doro [Claudia's agent, ‘Super Tarzan']
Nadine Sanders [Nadine, air hostess]
Georgia Simmons [Guido's grandmother]
Hedy Vessel [Hedy, harem woman with costume changes]
Tito Masini [the cardinal]
Annie Gorassini [producer's girlfriend]
Rossella Como [Tilde, Luisa & Rossella's friend]
Mark Herron [Luisa's timid admirer]
Marisa Colomber [Guido's aunt]
Neil Robinson [French actress's agent]
Elisabetta Catalano [Luisa's sister]
Eugene Walter [American journalist]
Hazel Rogers [dancer in Guido's harem]
Gilda Dahlberg [American journalist's wife]
Mario Tarchetti [Poletti, Claudia's press representative]
Mary Indovino [Maya, mind-reader's partner]
Frazier Rippy [the cardinal's lay secretary]
Francesco Rigamonti [Enrico, Luisa's friend]
Giulio Paradisi [friend]
Marco Gemini [Guido as a boy at school]
Giuditta Rissone [Guido's mother]
Annibale Ninchi [Guido's father]

Alternative Titles

Le bella confusione – working title
Huit et demi – France
Otto e mezzo



  • AGR Coleccionistas de cine no.36 (Winter 2007) pp.8-15 – illustrated article (Galeria: Ocho y medio en color)
  • American Cinematographer vol.83 no.4 (April 2002) p.18 – DVD review (DVD playback by Stephen Pizzello)
  • American Film vol.14 no.8 (June 1989) pp.16-17 – illustrated article
  • Avant-Scène du Cinéma no.63 October 1966 whole issue – script
  • Bianco e Nero vol.24 no.4 (April 1963) p.43 – review
  • Cahiers du Cinéma vol.25 no.145 (July 1963) p.49 – review
  • Cahiers du Cinéma no.164 March 1965) p.23 – review
  • Cinéaste vol.27 no.3 (Summer 2002) pp.46-47 – illustrated DVD review (by James Monaco)
  • Cinéaste vol.34 no.2 (Spring 2009) pp.38-42 – illustrated article (Editing for subtext: Altering the Meaning of the Narrative by Kenneth Dancyger)
  • Cineforum no.23 March 1963) p.248 – interview with Federico Fellini
  • Cinema vol.1 no.5 (August/September 1963) pp.19-22 – review
  • Cinema Journal vol.41 no.4 (Summer 2002) pp.116-131 – illustrated article (Fellini's portrait of the artist as creative problem solver by John C. Stubbs)
  • Cinema Nuovo vol.16 no.162 (March/April 1963) p.123 – review
  • Cinema Retro vol.2 no.4 (Winter 2006) pp.8-10 – article (Benson turns back the clock – 1963 by Raymond Benson)
  • Cinema Scope no.10 (March 2002) pp.43-44 – illustrated review (Spotlight by Geoff Pevere)
  • Cinématographie Française, La no.2021 (22 June 1963) p.15 – review
  • Cinémonde no.1467 (18 September 1962) p.2 – review
  • Cinémonde no.1500 (7 May 1963) p.20 – review
  • City Limits no.434 (25 January 1990) pp.31-32 – review
  • The Daily Cinema no.8803 (23 August 1963) p.4 – review
  • Empire no.8 (February 1990) p.74 – illustrated review (Empire directory by Steve Goldman)
  • Empire no.236 (February 2009) pp.144-145 – illustrated DVD review (At home/Masterpiece: 8½ by Simon Braund)
  • Fellini Amarcord vol.5 no.3/4 (December 2005) pp.27-46 – illustrated article (Avanguardia di Federico Fellini e il Manifesto di 8½/Federico Fellini's Avant-garde and the 8½ Manifesto by Alberto Spadafora)
  • La Fiera del Cinema vol.4 no.9 (September 1962) p.62 – article
  • La Fiera del Cinema vol.5 no.1 (January 1963) p.40 – synopsis
  • La Fiera del Cinema vol.5 no.3 (March 1963) p.65 – press reports
  • Film and Philosophy vol.1 1994) pp.42-54 – article (Phantasy Projections of the Multiple Psyche in 8½ and Last Year in Marienbad by Graham Parkes)
  • Film Criticism vol.3 no.2 (Winter 1979) pp.Winter 67-79 – review
  • Film Ideal no.116 (15 March 1963) p.174 – review
  • The Film Daily vol.123 no.17 (25 July 1963) p.10 – review
  • Film Quarterly vol.63 no.3 (Spring 2010) pp.28-34 – illustrated article (Restoring Broken Embraces by Marsha Kinder)
  • Films and Filming vol.10 no.1 (October 1963) p.21 – review
  • Le Film Francais no.995 (14 June 1963) p.20 – review
  • Filmcritica no.131 (March 1963) p.170 – review
  • Films in Review vol.14 no.7 (August/September 1963) p.433 – review
  • The Hollywood Reporter vol.176 no.9 (11 July 1963) p.3 – review
  • Ikon vol.22 no.80 (January-March 1972) pp.43-76 – article
  • Ikon vol.22 no.82-83 (July-December 1972) pp.123-170 – article
  • Journal of Popular Film & Television vol.24 n1 Spring 1996) pp.19-25 – illustrated article (Definitely-Falling-Down: 8½, Falling Down and the death of fantasy by J.P. Telotte)
  • Kine Weekly no.2917 (29 August 1963) p.16 – review
  • Literature/Film Quarterly vol.14 no.3 (1986) pp.164-170 – article
  • Monthly Film Bulletin vol.30 no.357 (October 1963) p.140 – credits, synopsis, review
  • Monthly Film Bulletin vol.57 no.672 (January 1990) pp.26-27 – credits, synopsis, review
  • Motion Picture Herald vol.230 no.3 (10 July 1963) p.849 – review
  • The New Yorker vol.70 no.5 (21 March 1994) pp.154-165 – illustrated article (Mondo Fellini by Clive James)
  • Screen vol.19 no.1 (Spring 1978) pp.7-40; 41-69 – article; article
  • Segnocinema vol.20 no.105 (September/October 2000) p.60 – credits (Riedizioni)
  • Segnocinema vol.23 n119 Jan/Feb 2003) pp.11-28 – illustrated article (Segnospeciale – Fellini's 8 by Flavio De Bernardinis)
  • The Seventh Art vol.1 no.4 (Autumn 1963) p.12 – review
  • Sight & Sound vol.32 no.3 (Summer 1963) p.134 – review
  • Sight & Sound vol.32 no.4 (Autumn 1963) p.192 – review
  • Sight & Sound vol.33 no.1 (Winter 1963/1964) p.30 – article
  • Sight & Sound vol.43 n3 Summer 1974) pp.summer 172-75 – review
  • Sight & Sound vol.3 no.5 (May 1993) p.69 – video note
  • Sight & Sound vol.12 no.9 (September 2002) p.48 – illustrated interview with Federico Fellini (Critics top ten: 8½ by Edward Lawrenson)
  • Sight & Sound vol.14 no.8 (August 2004) pp.20-24 – illustrated article (Why Fellini? by Philip Kemp)
  • Sight & Sound vol.18 no.2 (February 2008) p.11 – illustrated article (Rushes: Films about filmmaking)
  • Time Out no.1014 (24 January 1990) p.25 – illustrated review
  • Variety 3 April 1963 p.6 – credits, review
  • Written By vol.2 n10 October 1998) pp.18-19 – article (Fellini's 8 1/2: reflections on the troubled marriage between writer and director by Frank Pierson)


  • Euro Gothic: Classics of Continental Horror Cinema by Jonathan Rigby pp.118, 203
  • Feature films, 1960-1969: A Filmography of English-language and Major Foreign-language United States Releases by Harris M. Lentz III p.121 – credits, synopsis
  • Fellini by Sam Stourdzé p.155 – credits
  • Fellini: The Sixties by Manoah Bowman pp.135-177 – illustrated essay
  • Fellini's Films: From Postwar to Postmodern by Frank Burke pp.156-163 – illustrated essay
  • The Films of Federico Fellini by Peter Bondanella pp.93-115 – illustrated essay
  • Movies of the 60s by Jürgen Müller pp.110-117 – illustrated review (by NM [Nils Meyer])
  • by Walt Lee p.119 – credits

Other sources

  • 53rd Berlin Film Festival Catalogue (2003) p.261 – illustrated credits